Vietnam Overview

  • Flag of Vietnam

Vietnam, Socialist Republic of Vietnam is the easternmost country in Southeast Asia. Bordered by China to the north, Cambodia to the southwest, Laos to the northwest and the South China Sea to the east.




  • Map of Vietnam

Capital city: Hanoi
Largest city: Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon)
Languages: Vietnamese, English, Chinese, French
Area: 331 600 km2
Population: 85 milion (259/km2 - 13th most populous country)
Currency: VND - đồng (1$ = around 15 000 VND)
Timezone: UTC +7
Telephone format: +84


Vietnam History is dated back in several thousand years. Archaeologists link the beginnings of Vietnamese civilization to the late Neolithic, Early Bronze Age, Phung-nguyen culture, which was centered in Vinh Phuc Province of contemporary Vietnam from about 2000 to 1400 BCE. The first Vietnamese state under Hồng Bàng Dynasty of the Hùng kings was Văn Lang. In 257 BCE, the last Hùng king lost to Thục Phán who consolidated the Lạc Việt tribes with his Âu Việt tribes and later called himself An Dương Vương. In 207 BCE, An Dương Vương was defeated by Chinese general Zhao Tou and for the next thousand years, Vietnam was under Chinese rule.

Vietnam is divided into 58 provinces (known in Vietnamese as tỉnh). The provinces are further subdivided into townships (thị xã) and countries (huyện), and then, subdivided into towns (thị trấn) or communes (xã). The centrally controlled municipalities are subdivided into districts (quận) and counties, and then, subdivided into wards (phường).

Geography and climate
Area:
total: 329 560 km²
land: 325 360 km²
water: 4 200 km²

Land Boundaries:
total: 4 639 km
border countries: Cambodia (1 228 km), China (1 281 km), Laos (2 130 km)

Coastline: 3 444 km (excludes islands)

Land use:
arable land: 17%
permanent crops: 4%
permanent pastures: 1%
forests and woodland: 30%
other: 48% (1993 est.)

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average max. and min. temperatures in °C
precipitation totals in mm
source: [1]
 
  • Ha long

Nature
Vietnam has two World's Natural Heritage sites: Halong Bay and Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park and 6 World's biosphere reserves including: Can Gio Mangrove Forest, Cat Tien, Cat Ba, Kien Giang, Red River Delta, Western Nghe An.

Economy
Vietnam is still a relatively poor country with an annual GDP of US$280.2 billion at purchasing power parity (2006 estimate).[37] This translates to a purchasing power of about US$3,300 per capita (or US$726 per capita at the market exchange rate). Inflation rate was estimated at 7.5% per year in 2006. Deep poverty, defined as a percent of the population living under $1 per day, has declined significantly and is now smaller than that of China, India, and the Philippines.

There are more than 54 ethnic groups throughout the country, but the Kinh are purveyors of the dominant culture (82%). Most ethnic minorities, such as the Muong, a closely related ethnic of the Kinh, are found mostly in the highlands covering two-thirds of the territory.

General education in Vietnam is imparted in 5 categories: Kindergarten, elementary schools, middle schools, high schools, and college / university. Education from age 6 to 11 is free and mandatory

Source en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vietnam and under license creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0